|Happy Michel Foucault|
|Content Thomas Szasz|
Yet, even so, what are the mental analogues of the physical? Mentally ill people need not look ill, and they may not need or benefit from treatment or even from care (contra Champlin). In this seminar I suggest: that both 'illnesses' essentially involve suffering (necessarily conscious in the bodily case, necessarily unconscious (whilst often contingently conscious) in the mental case); that both involve drive dysregulation, in the different ways in which 'mind' and 'body' may be said to instantiate drives that can be dysregulated (i.e. disturbance of reality contact vs loss of get-up-and-go); that the dysregulation throws up what we will call symptoms in both; and that both essentially offer exculpation. That (talk of exculpation) is to say: the ill
|Peeved Maurice Merleau-Ponty|
If there's time I'll look further into the nature of hysterical illness. Traditionally this has been understood in terms of a 'conversion' of mental into physical distress (Freud). The term 'conversion' invites us to understand the hysteric as converting one kind of extant issue into another; we may however see it instead as a failure of 'symbolisation' - a failure within the lived body (Merleau-Ponty) in the ontogenesis of articulate emotional experience
|Quietly Pleased Susan Langer|
T S Champlin (1996). To mental illness via a rhyme for the eye. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements, vol 41, pp. 165-189.
M Foucault (1967). Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Tavistock Publications.
J Frederickson (2013). Co-Creating Change: Effective Dynamic Therapy Techniques. Seven Leaves Press. chs 7&8.
S Freud (1974). Studies on Hysteria. Penguin.
K W M Fulford (1989). Moral Theory and Medical Practice. Cambridge University Press. chs 7&8.
M Heidegger (1962). Being and Time. Blackwell. ch 34.
S Langer (1957). Philosophy in a New Key: A Study in the Symbolism of Reason, Rite, and Art. Harvard University Press.
M Merleau-Ponty (1962). Phenomenology of Perception. Routledge & Kegan Paul. Part 1.
N Pickering (2006). The Metaphor of Mental Illness. Oxford University Press.
T Szasz (1972). The Myth of Mental Illness. Paladin.